Today, people all around the world mourn for the loss of the great South African activist, former President, Nobel Prize Winner and truly special man that was Nelson Madela, who died today aged 95. The news was broken across the world by South African President Jacob Zuma this evening. Best known for his work to abolish apartheid in South Africa, Mandela was respected by all and loved by many.
His work caused him to be unfairly imprisoned in Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison for 27 years, until an international campaign lobbied for his release, which was granted to him in 1990. When he returned, he wasted no time in heading into negotiations with the South African President at the time, F.W. de Klerk, to abolish apartheid and to introduce multiracial elections. This gained them the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize and led to the election of his party, African National Congress, in 1994, making him the President of South Africa.
He continued, throughout his life to campaign for the rights of his country and his people, even after the end of his term in 1999. Not only that, he remained a strong advocator for the preservation of human rights, for the duration of his life.
In 2001, Mandela was diagnosed with prostate cancer and has had ongoing lung issues since he contracted tuberculosis during his time in prison. The cause of his death has not yet been disclosed.
What can be said to summarise his life and work? And so, we leave you with this quote from Jacob Zuma in his televised address this evening: “Our nation has lost its greatest son. Our people have lost a father. “What made Nelson Mandela great was precisely what made him human. We saw in him what we seek in ourselves.”



History of Magic The Gathering

Hey it’s SurivviruS again and this time, I’m going to talk about the history of ‘Magic the Gathering’, the world’s first trading card game.

The game was created by Richard Garfield, a doctoral candidate at the University of Pennsylvania. He was born on June 26, 1963, in Philadelphia. In 1991, he was brought in as an adjunct professor at Whitman College, where he met the CEO of ‘Wizards of the Coast’, Peter Adkison, to talk about his board game, ‘Robot Rally’. As they talked, Adkison mentioned that he was looking for a game the required very little equipment and could be portable and played in the down time of a convention. In response, Garfield returned with the idea for a trading card game. It wasn’t until August 5, 1993 that ‘Magic the Gathering’ was released.

And that’s how ‘Magic the Gathering’ began. Next time, I’ll look at a DS game I love, that I thought deserved a bit more attention then it got; ‘Spectrobes’.



I don’t think the senate should be abolished. I think that the Dail would have too much power if the senate was abolished because there would be nobody to delay bills that might not be a good idea to pass. I think it is good that the senate can make there be a referendum about a bill and if the senate was abolished the people would not be able to have a say about some issues that they would have been able to. I think that if the government need the money that abolishing the senate would save, then they should have lower salaries and save the money that way.


History of Pokémon Generation by Generation

Hi readers, it’s SurivviruS here. Seen as Pokémon X and Y are getting released this Saturday, I thought I would make a list of the games that were released in each generation and my favourite Pokémon introduced in each. However, this will be only include the main games and some of my personal favourite side games.


1st Gen.

2nd Gen.

3rd Gen.

4th Gen.

5th Gen.












And Crystal



Black and White 2


Favourite Pokémon of this gen

Fire Red/Leaf Green

Soul Silver

Heart Gold

Favourite Pokemon

Favourite Pokémon of This Gen.


Mystery Dungeons Red and Blue

* *

Favourite Pokémon

* *


6th Gen.

Pokemon X and Y




Doctor’s Strike

On Tuesday, the 8th of October 3,000 doctors are took part in a strike from 7am to midnight because of the long working hours; nearly 100 hours a week.Doctors carried out any required transplant and dialysis service and the normal weekend palliative care and attended for patients undergoing active chemotherapy and radiotherapy which cannot be deferred.

Arguments for the Strike

– A doctor cannot be relied on to make the right decisions for a patient after working up to 36 hours without sleep.

– Evidence shows that 28 hours without sleep can affect motor skills to the same degree as an illegal blood alcohol level.

– If the hours, conditions and pay of junior doctors are not changed there will be even more emigrants because there will be better jobs elsewhere.

Arguments Against the Strike

– It is not fair to the patients to strike when they need their help and care.

– Other alternatives could have been used instead of striking. For example, to refuse to participate in all HSE administrative functions, such as sitting in hospital comities, and a refusal to sign certificates such as sick and death certs.

– If the hours of the doctors were reduced, where would the government get the workers to cover the shifts and the money to pay them?


Altogether we agree that the strike is a good thing because the arguments against the strike are only short term, while the problems that we have because of the long hours are long term and could result in serious complications.


These are political terms which we think could be useful to learn.


A form of power that offers protection, for example the power of a Government department over a State agency

A vote on a topic or question

Referendum Commission
A group established before each referendum to tell the public what the referendum is about and to give the arguments for and against the proposal on which people will vote

Referendum, constitutional
A referendum that takes place to let voters decide whether the Government can make a proposed change to the Constitution and to give them a chance to say they are for or against the proposed change

Seanad Eireann 
Known as ‘the Seanad’ for short, the upper house of the Irish parliament  which currently has 60 members, known as Senators, who debate issues, revise laws passed in Dáil Éireann and sometimes begin the process of introducing new laws

Lame duck
An elected representative, usually a leader, who is regarded as less powerful or effective than they were because they are near the end of their time in office either because they cannot or
do not want to be re-elected or they are waiting for another elected official to formally take over their post

The branch of government that makes laws, known in Ireland as the Oireachtas

The national parliament of Ireland, which consists of the President, Dáil Éireann and Seanad Éireann and whose powers and functions are outlined by the Constitution.

A person whose public views reflect the interests and concerns of the average person

Public relations activity, for example press releases or interviews, or a way of interpreting information that aims to enhance the public image of a person or group, such as a politician or their party, at the expense of a political opponent or the opposition party